“Healthy Lifestyle “

A healthy lifestyle means maintaining a balanced and nutritious diet as well as engaging in sports or other fitness related activities. A healthy diet alone however is inadequate to ensure a healthy body as physical activity helps to keep one in shape and free of sickness and disease.

According to the World Health Organization, only one in ten people exercise regularly and a majority do not follow a healthy diet. The main culprit is our penchant for junk food as can be seen from the popularity of fast food chains and other western eateries. Even local foods such as fried noodles, snacks and savories are laden with fat and calories. Thus, consuming this type of food on a daily basis can contribute to weight gain. Overweight and obese people suffer from many health complications such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and even cancer.

Hence, the emphasis on healthy lifestyle should start at a young age. Parents must urge their children to eat more vegetables, fruits, juices, wholemeal and wholegrain foods. Many parents, due to time constraint, usually find the easy way out by cooking two-minute noodles or heading towards the nearest fast food joint for quick meal. They do not realize however that sets the stage for an unhealthy lifestyle for their children who quickly become addicted to such foods. Thus, parents can counter this problem by cooking or preparing meals that do not take up time such as cheese sandwiches, soup, stir friend vegetables or buy pre-packed meals from supermarkets which can be warmed up in the microwave oven.

Dining out usually involves eating heavily and unhealthily. Most of us are prone to ordering deep fried food and oily dishes as opposed to steamed or baked food. Thus, though eating out is unavoidable, parents of children and adults as a whole should order fresh food and foods that are nutritious and not laden with oil, fat or sugar. Once a pattern of healthy eating is established, it would be easier to carry through such a lifestyle and for the children to follow suit.

School canteens must be urged to sell only highly nutritious food and drinks. Vending machines that sell soft drinks and drinks that are skiped with sugar should be banned. Hence, school going children would be exposec to healthy eating.

Daily exercise is vital. Infact, schools should implement physical education on daily basis rather than twice weekly. Only the minority are actively involved in sports. Most students are sedentary and prefer to concentrate on their studies as they consider indulging in physical activities a waste of time. By enforcing regular exercise, these students would be exposed to the importance and benefits of exercise.

Many parents and adults do not allocate time for physical activity. A large number of them work long hours and return home late thereby depriving themselves of the benefits of exercise. Parents must lead an exemplary life which can benefit their children by increasing awareness on the healthy benefits of exercising regularly. Bringing their children for walks in the morning or evening is a good start to achive this goal. They should become members of clubs which have swimming pool and gym facilities. During the weekends, the family can strengthen their bond by adjourning to clubs for exercise and a healthy meal after that.

In short, leading a healthy lifestyle is a conscious decision. One can ignore that and lead a life that exposes one to many healthy hazards. It is important to recognize that a healthy living ensures a longer life span as well as a life free of diseases and complications.

#Nida_khan

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“Pollution and Advance of Technology “

Everyday we encounter technology at home, school and at work. We use this technology to better our lives. But do we really?

With the advancing of technology also comes the issue of polluting the world we live in. We take the automobile for granted, but as we use it, we contribute to the growing pollution problem. Now in the year 2000, car companies have recognized the pollution problem, and have advanced their own technology to help make a difference.

Living in the mid west we know how important agriculture is to sustaining a stable economy. Agriculture is the basis of a vast renewable resource and it is gradually being recognized that with careful development it could help to supplement the use of oil for fuel and non-fuel products.

The chemicals we use to help produce these crops are in ways a major hazard on the land. These chemicals which are mainly used in our area are pesticides and fertilizers, an out come of technology. It includes nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and other trace materials. The major area of concern specific to the use of fertilizers and pesticides is the effect of leaching of nitrate on the environment.

Technology provides an understanding, and an appreciation for the world around us but most modern technological innovations produce unwanted products in addition to the desired products. The more obvious effect incudes depletion of Ozone. The Ozone hole is the outcome of man made chemicals, they proceed these chemical processes for their Technological developments, these chemicals are halocarbons refrigerants, solvents, propellants, and foam blowing agents ( CFCs, HCFCs, halons ), referred to as Ozone-depleting substances ( ODS ).

In addition, ecological systems imbalances and disruptions result from technological advancements in the modern world. Collapse of ecological and life and extinction of organisms from their natural habitats is a direct probable result of technology. Wildlife extinction from their natural habitats to create more space for farming activities and home for increasing population is an evidence of how technology causes ecological imbalances.

Lastly, current issues on global warming are negative effects of technology and environmental factors. Unchecked technology advancement and utilization specifically in areas causing air and water pollution leads to atmospheric gasses imbalances ( Ausubel & Sladovich, 1999).

Emission of harmful gases such as CO2 in large amounts forms greenhouse effects that are the major components of global warming. Green house gases result from activities such poor farming methods, transport system, manufacturing processes and renewable power generation activities especially using coal. Fossil fuel extraction through burning and clearing of farming lands through burning concentrates harmful gases hence affecting climate.

In conclusion, higher percentage of environmental problems is a direct result of technology mismanagement by innovators and users. A small portion of environmental issues relate to economic, social and natural changes resulting from human activities. Environmental pollution, ecological systems disturbances, depletion of natural resources and climatic changes resulting from global warming are technological influenced. Technology is significant in development and increased productivity to satisfy human need, but uncontrolled technology impacts environment negatively.

#Nida_khan

“Law and Order Situation in Pakistan”

Law and order is a nourishing root of the problem tree of Pakistan. Law and order constitutes civil laws written in the constitution, its enforcement by the law agencies and prosecution of the offenders. Pakistan in its history has always faced faced this challenge, up till now governments have formulated norms but they lack implementation. People talk about improving law but they are first ones to break it. Country’s Law and order situation arises when there is an internal insecurity due to host of factors like, religious / sectarian extremism, ethnic cleavages, external aggression etc. All these can exacerbate the conflict and affect the overall peaceful functioning of the society.

Since independence Pakistan is facing Law and order uncertainties. The strategic and geographical location of Pakistan is also one of the reasons behind the tensions as Pakistan and Afghanistan border is creating disturbance. Also the event of 9/11 and it’s aftermath has raised the law and order situation. The situation has come to head after witnessing, no day passes by when there is a suicide bomb blast, target killing or kidnapping for ransom. Pakistan, it seems has become a haven for all the anti-social elements from all over the world.

We are fighting the war on terror having lost lives and infrastructure. The forces, police and civilians are being targeted everyday. Forces have managed to arrest terrorists but mostly none of them has been sentenced. The reason they are let free is the lack of evidence.

Terrorism and Crime are the two most important elements of law and order, due to its increase nation’s Peace, Law and order deteriorates. Mostly crimes are committed by economic and poverty factors as well as social environment such as parental conflict, lack of respect and responsibility, abuse and neglect of children. Whereas terrorism and tribal activities have become routine affairs in Pakistan. North and South Waziristan have been a fertile land for tribal activities.

Law and order situation and crime rates are increasing in Pakistan particularly in large cities such as Karachi this has reached endemic proportions. Mobile snatching is avery common type of crime that causes both economic distress and terrorize the population. Stamping on crime will require creative and innovative use of available technologies.

There are lots of problems regarding law and order situation in Pakistan, such as terrorist attacks creates uncertainty in stock marks and people earning from stock are getting loss due to which whole country faces uncertain increase in commodity prices, local industries firms are unable to sign agreements with foreign investors due to prevailing law and order situation.

Moreover, terrorism includes a drop in the economy, exports affected also, sharp fall in government capital formation and affected also, sharp fall in government capital formation and private investment due to budgetary restrictions and increased uncertainty also, human costs rises such as increase in mortality, health nutrition and education standards falling plus heavy development costs due to destruction of capital and reduced investment.

To infer, contrary to the popular misconception, there is, in fact a sound constitutional and legal system in Pakistan. The courts have become very much active in the past few decade. Due to widespread risk of media exposure, corrupt police officials also think thrice before they commit corruption.

However there is also very negative political influence on police and judicial services and sometimes this creates situations where law and order seems to magically disappear as far as society bigwigs and their cronies committing crime are concerned.

There are legal remedies for this of course and the courts have taken such matters to task if only after the complains of the public.

#Nida_khan

Pakistan’s Blasphemy law; A murderous tool.

Pakistan Blasphemy law is used against religious minorities, most prominently now used against muslims as far their personal gains or interest. The stories of mob taking law unlawfully in their hands have and sadly continue to float across media evennow and then.

Their are many cases in pakistan where mob take law in their hand, the most recent and highlighted case is the lynching of a student of Journalism and Mass Communication, Mashal khan by his fellows at Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan (AWKUM).

The reason he was targeted because of allegations of posting blasphemous content online. On 13 April 2017, the assistant registrar posted an official notice on the online board announcing that three students were under Investigation for blasphemous activities, and had been suspended.

“I am directed to notify that the following Inquiry Committee has been constituted to probe into the matter of blasphemous activities carried by students of Department of Journalism namely, Mr . Abdullah, Mr. Mashal and Mr. Zubair. Furthermore, the mentioned students are hereby rusticated and their entry into the premises of university (all campuses) is banned until further orders.”

-13 April 2017. Assistant Registrar, AWKUM.

A large group of students formed into a mob, killed Mashal khan inside the premises of AWKUM. He was in hostel of university when he was stripped naked and beaten by a group of students and then short. He was also thrown from 2nd floor of building. Deputy Inspector General of Police said: “the mob wanted to burn the body of khan after he was dead”.

The actual reason behind is that Mashal and his fellows were actively denouncing mismanagement by the university and had led protest against it. The Inspector General of Police later said;

“We did not find any concrete evidence under which (a blasphemy ) investigation or legal action can be launched against Mashal, Abdullah, Zubair”

Before his death Mashal khan criticised the AWKUM and revealed that Vice Chancellor never attend thr university and students were forced to study in uncertainty. Also he criticise teachers and said that a single faculitymember was in charge of multiple responsibilities. According to him;

“Everyone in authority is a theif here”

Such crimes have been a norm in pakistan. This practice is not new. The blasphemy law in pakistan is necessary but the law must simply empower the state to investigate and act against alleged blasphemers, setting out clear procedure through which they are arrested and punished. It needs to take away from fanatics before they spill more blood and take the law unlawfully. The Pakistan Government and its justice department will have to take action and bring reforms in blasphemy law in order to avoid further lawless mobs taking the lives of innocents, using the name of islam for their personal interest.

In a nutshell, blasphemy has been a trumph card which propagandists used to threaten their opponents into silence. Without an honest and critical attack on this thought process, there is a little hope that many practicing muslims or secular individuals can be safe from being attacked by mob the way Mashal was.

Rest in peace Mashal Khan, humanity let you down, you didn’t deserve this.

#Nida_khan

Current Political landscape of pakistan:2018 Elections

While discussing current political landscape of pakistani politics, as pakistan is almost ready for its upcoming democratic transition, it’s really a hot topic of discussion that who will be the next upcoming ruling party? Or who will be next on the seat of prime minister?
In the sense of democratization, currently their are mainly three uprising leaders, predected one to be the next PM and would consolidate the power.

Everyone talk about “CHANGE”. Everyone has waited a long for it to happen. Will it come this time from within the parties which traditionally dominated politics?
Cricketer – turned – politician Imran Khan’s performance in KP has ensured that may be his party will be the first to win the province two times in a row, though Kp always gives chance to a different party and may be this time would happen again.
While opening up the panama scandal of Ex-prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, captain had given a big blow to PLM-N, being a political rival. As stage has been also prepared for another uprising leader Maryam Nawaz. A very point question is rises, Is her position would be effected by panama scandal in upcoming contest or not?

Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party will also contest the upcoming general elections. PPP also faces crisis, as their electiable candidates have joined PTI, also the formation of GDA (Grand Democratic Alliance) in sindh also means that they would lose some seats, while from the breakingup of MQM they may make some gains in Karachi.
In this politico-democratic journey of pakistan possibly their would be a coallition government, as a result of upcoming 2018 elections which would definitely differently shape both domestic and international politics.

#Nida_Khan